Javier Varela, Eugenio D’Ors, 1881-1954, 2017, 576 p.
Gaziel biography and memoirs prize 2016 [video of the award ceremony (Spanish)]
During the course of his life, Eugenio d’Ors, aka Xenius, was a Catalan nationalist, trade unionist, monarchist, and finally a falangista [Spanish fascist; cf. Wikipedia]. He also was an extraordinary intellectual, art critic, patient writer of an extensive “Glossary” in Catalan and in Spanish, and definitely one of the most interesting authors of Spain during the first half of the 20th century.
Such a relevant, complex figure, full of contrasts, needed a biography that examined in unitary form all of his facets. In an exhaustive and never complacent manner, Eugenio d’Ors (1881-1953) brings to light the brilliant and original writer, the formidable creator of aphorisms, the politically changing man, to claim his real importance in the Catalan, Spanish and European context of the past century.
excerpts from a review by Adolfo Sotelo Vázquez:
A splendid intellectual biography
Javier Varela (Madrid, 1952) is a distinguished scholar of Spanish political thought…
This dense… biography is written like an erudite story with an ambition to style. A style characterized by fluency and rhythm… the biography is attractive, elegant and at the same time solid… It is an intellectual biography because it narrates the life of the writer but also the moral, aesthetic and political map that surrounds him in Catalonia, Spain, and Europe.
… Varela sintethizes in a masterful way the influence of Maurras in Catalonia… and he points out the creative translation of Maurras’ set of ideas undertaken by d’Ors in Catalonia. The author studies rigorously the écritures du jour [daily columns] that d’Ors produced during more than 15 years for the Barcelona press. … The works of the years 1906 and 1907 “throb” with the ethical and aesthetic principles of the Noucentisme [movement], … the qualities of willingness, proportion and balance.
During the second decade of the 20th century d’Ors practised a kind of “intellectual dictatorship” in Barcelona: apart from his newspaper contributions, he was secretary of the Institut d’Estudis Catalans [Institute of Catalan Studies], a teacher at the Escola de Bibliotecàries [female librarians’ school], director of the Quaderns d’Estudi [study notes; probably a magazine], director of the Seminari de Filosofia i Psicologia [Philology and Psychology Seminary], …
Hi rich and polemic personality, his extraordinary culture and his enormous capacity for daily work, materialized in an ocean of journalistic contributions (“a highly intelligent commentator of the evanescent present,” in a precise phrase by Varela). And also his eagerness to demonstrate his virtues as a writer in Catalan and in Spanish. D’Ors lived with his dandyism, his vanity, his cinicism, with his intellectual arrogance. These were the aspects of his masks.
This blogger read some of d’Ors’ early 20th century articles and was impressed by his culture and his beautiful style in Catalan, in quality very similar to the prose by Josep Pla.
SOURCE: RBA (publisher); review in “Cultura/s,” La Vanguardia, May 27, 2017, pp. 4-5 [printed edition]